Human Subjectivity

We are starting our enquiry from the premise that everything in the universe responds to a universal order which is independent from our thought (see metaphysics). Nature is a physical order in an objective physical reality. It is in the physical world, which is both external and immanent to us, where we find the elements that reflect the invariable, transcendent, unitary and universal qualities of Nature (these, in contrast to the elements of thought, imagination or fancy which are subjective, circumstantial and transitory constructions of our mind).

The problem is that the physical world is not immediately known to us. The world that we know, is the world that appears to us from perception and that we integrate through conception. So we live in two worlds. One is the objective real world, and the other is our subjective mental world.

Our mental world is subjective in many ways. The main ones are:
. Human natural subjectivity
. Cultural subjectivity
. Personal subjectivity
. and Developmental subjectivity

. Natural subjectivity is related to the subjectivity inherent to our human nature. We didn’t evolve to see the world objectively, but we evolved to satisfy a nature of self-preservation; and our interpretation of the world adjusts to this nature. There are two forms of natural subjectivity: subjectivity on our perception and subjectivity on our conception.
. Cultural subjectivity is related to the subjectivity on the values, ideals and beliefs that we learn from others. These change in time, and differ among social groups, like among nations, social classes or family groups.
. Personal subjectivity is related to the subjectivity of world views that adjust to our individual needs, inclinations and personalities.
. and Developmental subjectivity is related to the unique learning experiences that we have in life.

Each one of us live in a world of our own; with our own beliefs, values, joys, problems and priorities. What is important for one is irrelevant for another. What is truthful for one is false for another. And what is inspiring for one is indifferent for another. Yet, we all exist in the same objective reality. We might conceive, value and appreciate it in different ways. But independently of our thought, the world is one and the same for us all.

We are confined, by nature, to see the world from a subjective point of view. But subjectivity is relative. Some point of views are more subjective than others. More objective point of views are more independent from culture, character, the particularities of development and our nature of self-preservation. In other words, more objective point of views are more independent from place and time. They are points of views that adjust better to the universal and invariable reality of the world. Objectivity is not given to us by nature, but it can only be gained through a developmental process (for more on this subject see The relativity of truth).

Human natural subjectivity

  • Perception
  • Conception

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