The unreality of determinism

Determinism is the view that all events and actions are determined by causes. Under this view, if we could know at any moment and place all the causes that determines events, then, in principle, we could always predict them.

Such a view of the world precludes the possibility of free-will. If the world would be a deterministic world then our choices, rather than being autonomous and free, they are determined by causes. If we could know the all the causes that determines our choices then, in principle, we could predict them. And if our choices are predictable then they are not free. The only reason for which we cannot predict our choices, is that it is impossible to know all their causes.

Determinism comes from the view that all events in the world are ruled by causal relations. Causality in turn, is the idea that for every cause there in associated effect and vice versa. As we have seen in The unreality of causality, there are certain events, like in particle physics or complex systems, that cannot be explained in causal terms. Furthermore, even where events can be described in causal terms, causality is not a quality of the physical world but a mental interpretation of it. Causality is a subjective rationalisation of the physical world. Events in the physical world are not determined by a multiplicity of causes, but are the result of the behaviour of a unitary and continuous Space. So if the world is not ruled by causal relations then it is not a deterministic world.

Free-will doesn’t exist, not because the world is a deterministic world, but because a monist universe is a natural universe where everything responds to Nature; therefore, nothing can behave in an autonomous way independently from Nature.

Freedom is relative. We might not have a free-will, but we do have certain autonomy in our choices and decisions. And this comes from a quality of complexity. Complexity is a natural phenomena, and our will is the result of our mental complexity. Our choices are more autonomous and free in relation to the degree of cognitive and volitional complexity (see The relativity of freedom)


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